Mah hi cu nan huam bal lai lo Part 3: Biafang fianh

Tu semester i research method (metode) course ka ngei i mah cauk hi kan rel.

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Cauk a har pahmi rel dan: cake le lakphak te hen rel ahcun aa rel deuh ngai.

Tthal lio ah chapter 1 chung ta note pawl ka rak post i atu hi a peh a si, chapter 2 le 3 in a si lai. Research tuah dan (Research method/ Metode) a cawngmi a tampi kan buai peng i kan tlau pah lengmang nak cu a biafang (terms) pawl ttha tein kan i fian lo ruangah a si tiah ka ruah. Kan i fian lawng ah kan thleidan khawh lai cu, ti ko? Theih hrimhrim, thleidan thiam hrimhrim a hau mi biafang pawl a um:

Ontology

Epistemology

Methodology

Methods.

Thuk deuh in kal hmanh u sih.

Ontology (Ontological Belief)

Vawlei cung ah hin thil hman ti mi cu a um bak, a hmanmi cu kawl khawh a si, hmuh khawh a si. Mah hi a hmanmi a si caah mah hi na tuah lo ahcun na palh. Reality, truth le zatlang nun sining kong pawl ah, mithmai zoh lo tein, thil hman timi cu a um bak. Mah bantuk ruahnak a ngeimi na si ahcun realist na si, kan ti lai. Na ontological belief cu realism a si tinak a si. Realism he aa lo tukmi cu objectivism a si.

Realism le objectivism he aa ralkah bakmi ruahnak cu relativism a si. Subjectivism tiah auh pah tawnmi constructivism zong hi relativism he an i lo. Annih zumhnak cu thil hman timi hi pakhat lawng a um lo, nangmah caah a hmanmi le keimah caah a hmanmi aa lo lo, ti a si. Zatlang nun sining (social phenomena) pawl cu minung nih kan ser chommi, kan ser kan remh cuahmahmi a si, an ti fawn.

Minung hi aa dang dih in sermi kan si, kan nunphung zong aa dang, chan zong aa thleng lengmang i thil sining zong aa thleng lengmang caah thil hman ti mi cu pakhat lawng a um lo tiah keimah pumpak in cun ka ruah caah relativist ka si, kan ti ko lai.

Realism, relativism, objectivism, contructivism le mah bantuk pawl hi ontology lei he aa pehlaimi zumhnak pawl cu an si.

 

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Epistemology

Theihhngalhnak (knowledge) cu zeitin dah kawl awk a si timi a ruatmi a si: positivism, interpretivism, tbk.pawl an si.

A tawinak in cun zeiti pungsan in kawl in dah hngalhnak kan hmuh lai timi biahalnak a hal kan ti lai cu. Phundang in cun, research a tuah tu le a tuahmi research zeitin dah an i pehtlaih ti zong in chim khawh a si. A biana ah:

Research tuahtu nih aa tuahmi research ah i thlak len lo, zei influence hmanh um bak lo in research cu tuah ding a si (Stay back!), timi ruahnak a um. Na research hi inn pakhat va si sehlaw, innchung ah na lut lai lo, a leng lawng in na zoh lai. Etic approach ti zong in an auh. Natural science lei le economy lei he aa pehtlaimi research lei ah an hman ngai. Objectivism a si lo ah realism aa tlaihmi nih an pom dan a si lai cu.

Adang pakhat cu research tuah tik ah a chung i va luh bak i tuah khi a si. Ethnography an ti lengmang mi khi a si i, research na tuah duhnak field bak ah na va kal, anmah bantuk in khua na sa, zeidah an tuah ti lawng si lo ah zei ruang ah dah an tuah, ti phun tiang khin thuk deuh in va kherhhlai khi a si kan ti lai cu. Emic approach ti zong in auh an si. Bawipa Jesus le Siangbawi te kha vawlei ah le Laitlang ah khamh ruah le thawngttha chim ruah ah si lo in research tuah ah ra hna sehlaw an hman mi approach kha mah hi a si kan ti hnga. Minung kong le zatlang nun pawl kong cawnnak ah cun mah hi ka uar deuh ngai ve.

 

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Mit dinhank

Methodology

Method he aa khat lo timi hi hngalh a hau. Zeitin dah hngalhthiamnak hi khawmh awk a si timi kan ruahnak hi zei bantuk ruahnak/philosophy nih dah lam a hruai i a kilven timi khi a si. Bryman nih cu research design tiah a auh. Design pawl ah a um kho mi cu case study te hna, experimental design, comparative design te hna khi an si.

Zei bantuk research design dah kan i thim ti mi cu a cung lei pahnih, ontological le epistemological, he pehtlai in kan pom mi nih bia a khiah ding khi a si.

 

Methods

Theihhngalhnak cu cu ti kha tin in kawl ding a si, mah caah cun hi research design hi kaa thim lai, kan ti dih khan cun zeiti phungsan tein dah mah theihhngalhnak cu ka khawmh lai (methods) ti mi kan phan cang.

Theihhngalhnak (Knowledge) kan ser khawhnak ah cun information a hau, data a hau, mah khawmhnak ah kan hman ding mi methods cu interview zong a si ko hnga, survey zong a si ko hnga, observation (ngiatthlainak) zong a si ko hnga.

 

A tawinak in

Kan ontological belief nih hin epistemological belief zeidah a si tiah bia a khiah. Epistemolotical belief nih methodology /research design kan i thimnak ah lai a rel i kan methodology nih kan methods zeidah a si lai ti mi bia ka khiah.

 

Chirhchan

Bryman, Alan. (2012). Social research methods. Chapter 2 and 3. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

NurseKillam. (2015). Ontology, Epistemology, Methodology and Methods in Research Simplified. Retrieved 12.01.2016 from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hCOsY5rkRs8

 

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